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Application of the RCRA Corrective Action Program to the Natural Resource Industries

E. Paul Newman, RCRA and CERCLA (1997)

Corrective action refers to a wide range of technical/institutional activities that identify, evaluate, and remedy risks to human health and the environment from releases of hazardous waste and hazardous waste constituents. The corrective action program is a cleanup program that responds to releases to the environment associated with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)1 regulated facilities. Corrective action requirements apply at hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs), which include permitted facilities and facilities that have, have had, or should have had RCRA interim status. Corrective action may be required for releases of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents from these facilities to protect human health and the environment. This outline discusses the statutory/regulatory authorities and technical requirements of the federal RCRA corrective action process.